Technology

Microsoft patches 66 vulnerabilities in September exchange

One other lighter-than-fashioned Patch Tuesday exchange entails most indispensable fixes for fair not too lengthy ago disclosed vulnerabilities, together with a unhealthy zero-day, and an exchange in the PrintNightmare saga

Alex Scroxton

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Revealed: 15 Sep 2021 11: 07

Microsoft has pushed fixes for a filled with 66 frequent vulnerabilities and exposures (CVEs), three vital and one moderate in severity, as successfully because the previously disclosed CVE-2021-40444 zero-day, in its September 2021 Patch Tuesday exchange.

CVE-2021-40444 is a remote code execution vulnerability in Microsoft MSHTML, a component utilized in Net Explorer and Train of enterprise, and a workaround to take care of it was once made on hand closing week.

Christopher Hass, director of files security and research at Automox, described CVE-2021-40444 as a seriously depraved vulnerability and suggested that security groups prioritise remediation.

“Microsoft seen centered assaults in the wild that exploited this vulnerability by the command of namely crafted Microsoft Train of enterprise paperwork,” he said. “It was once later learned that prosperous textual bellow paperwork is also used to exclaim malicious payloads as successfully.

“An attacker could well per chance per chance also craft a malicious ActiveX build watch over for command by a Microsoft Train of enterprise file or a prosperous textual bellow file that hosts the browser rendering engine. The attacker would then want to persuade the patron to begin the malicious file. Users whose accounts are configured to possess fewer consumer rights on the contrivance is also less impacted than users who operate with administrative consumer rights.

“Due to the this vulnerability already getting utilized by attackers, and a public proof of belief is on hand, defenders have to patch this vulnerability as soon as attainable.”

John Hammond, senior security researcher at Huntress, said the fix for CVE-2021-40444 looked, on evaluation, to be efficient.

“In the RTF rendition of the CVE-2021-40444 exploit, the malicious CAB file that is used to organize code execution will not be downloaded and exploitation fails,” he said. “This moreover prevents the attack vector repeat in the Preview Mode of the Home windows File Explorer.

“In the DOCX rendition of the exploit, it appears to be just like the CAB file is downloaded, but code doesn’t enact and the exploit unruffled fails. We are unruffled analysing things extra and have to part updates as we uncover them. We unruffled strongly aid organisations to seem at this patch as rapidly as they’ll.”

The three vital CVEs patched this month are: CVE-2021-26435, an RCE vulnerability in the Home windows Scripting Engine; CVE-2021-36956, an RCE vulnerability in Home windows WLAN AutoConfig Carrier impacting variations of Home windows 7, 8 and 10, and Home windows Server; and CVE-2021-38647, another RCE vulnerability in the Commence Management Infrastructure (OMI) stack.

Of these three vulnerabilities, CVE-2021-26435 requires a consumer to be duped into opening a namely crafted file, so exploitation is marginally less likely; CVE-2021-36965 requires a goal machine to be on a shared network, or for an attacker to possess already got a foothold on the goal network, but is very unhealthy in these circumstances; and CVE-2021-38657 is thought of as reasonably trivial to exploit. All three have to be prioritised for patching interior the next 48-72 hours, because weaponisation has per chance begun.

Moreover of display masks on this month’s plunge are a necessity of fixes for vulnerabilities in Home windows Print Spooler, which grew to develop correct into a sizzling topic in July after the botched disclosure of an RCE vulnerability, dubbed PrintNightmare. Print Spooler vulnerabilities are highly treasured to malicious actors since the native, built-in provider is default-enabled on Home windows machines to construct watch over printers and print servers and, as such, is prevalent all by endeavor IT estates.

The three Print Spooler vulnerabilities patched this month are CVE-2021-38667, CVE-2021-38671, and CVE-2021-40447. All three are elevation of privilege vulnerabilities.

“For the previous few months, we possess considered a trusty movement of patches for flaws in Home windows Print Spooler following the disclosure of PrintNightmare in July,” said Tenable group of workers research engineer Satnam Narang. “Researchers continue to be taught easy how one can exploit Print Spooler, and we quiz persevered research on this situation.

“Handiest one [CVE-2021-38671] of the three vulnerabilities is rated as exploitation extra likely. Organisations have to moreover prioritise patching these flaws as they’re extraordinarily treasured to attackers in post-exploitation scenarios.”

As fashioned, Redmond’s most contemporary patch addresses multiple other vulnerabilities running the gamut of Microsoft’s product household, but moreover of display masks, multiple CVEs were patched in Microsoft’s Chromium-primarily based Edge browser earlier in the month, taking the September whole above 80.

Kevin Breen, Immersive Labs’ director of cyber threat research, said: “This cycle, we’ve considered 25 vulnerabilities that were patched in Chrome and ported over to Microsoft’s Chromium-primarily based Edge.

“I am unable to underestimate the importance of patching your browsers and conserving them as a lot as this point. In spite of everything, browsers are the fashion we work on the side of the web and web-primarily based products and services that contain all types of highly comfy, treasured and non-public files. Whether you’re by your on-line banking or the facts composed and kept by your organisation’s web apps, they’d perchance per chance per chance also all be exposed by assaults that exploit the browser.”

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